Lambert Daniel Kastens | Domkirke . Aarhus [Denmark]

Jürgen Howaldt_CC BY-SA 3.0 DE crop

Photography by Jürgen Howaldt
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Lambert Daniel Kastens, born in Germany under the surname of Carstens (later changed in Denmark), studied and worked for some years with Arp Schnitger and is considered the main Schnitger-tradition representative in Scandinavia.

The Aarhus organ was built in 1730, at the time with 43 registers distributed across Hauptwerk, Oberwerk, Brustwerk and Pedal. However, the instrument wasn’t given a good maintenance for a long time and in 1876 it was decided to rebuild a new organ inside the Kastens case, this time according to the romantic style. This new organ was created by Johan Andreas Demant and included a special device to allow two tonal plans in the pedal section, controlled by two pedal devices – forte and piano.

In 1927 Theodor Frobenius built another new organ which, apart some traction problems related to the misuse of pneumatic intermediary mechanisms, was considered one of the biggest achievements in organ building at the beginning of the century. The reeds used in its construction were ordered from Paris so that the sound could be as faithful to French romantic tradition as possible. Later, in 1958, changes were made by Theodor Frobenius in order to change the romantic style to a more baroque sound, as the cathedral organist Georg Fjelrad – one of the first introducers of Bach in Denmark – wished a more clear sound. At this time reed resonators were shortened to add sound clarity to reed stops. From 1981 to 1983 there were again changes in the organ, trying to recover the romantic style but without losing the baroque sound clarity. Finally, in 1993 an electromechanical traction was installed.

Today the organ has 89 registers distributed across 4 manuals and pedal, being one of the largest organs in Denmark.

 

1730 – organ construction
1876 – organ reconstruction in romantic style by Johan Andreas Demant
1927-1929 – organ rebuilding by Theodor Frobenius
1958 – organ changes to baroque style by Theodor Frobenius
1981-1983 – organ restoration to the romantic style by Theodor Frobenius
1993 – electromechanical traction installation

 

Great Organ Positif Svelleværk Swell Echo Pedal
Principal 16′ Gedackt 16′ Bordun 16′ Hulfløjte 8′ Bordunbas 32′
Gedakt 16′ Principal 8′ Principal 8′ Spidsgamba 8′ Principal 16′
Principal 8′ Rørfløjte 8′ Rørgedakt 8′ Principal 4′ Subbas 16′
Spidsfløjte 8′ Quintatøn 8′ Flûte harmonique 8′ Fløjte 4′ Gedaktbas 16′
Gedakt 8′ Octav 4′ Salicional 8′ Nasat 2 2/3′ Violone 16′
Viola di Gamba 8′ Gedaktfløjte 4′ Vox celeste 8′ Nathorn 2′ Rørquint 10 2/3′
Octav 4′ Octav 2′ Violinprincipal 4′ Spidsfløjte 2′ Octav 8′
Spidsfløjte 4′ Blokfløjte 2′ Tværfløjte 4′ Terz 1 3/5′ Gedakt 8′
Quint 2 2/3′ Larigot 1 1/3′ Fugara 4′ Sivfløjte 1′ Violoncello 8′
Superoctav 2′ Octav 1′ Octavfløjte 2′ Mixtur IV Octav 4′
Terts 1 3/5′ Sesquialtera II Cornet II Skalmeje 8′ Træfløjte 4′
Mixtur VI Scharf IV Mixtur V Vox humana 8′ Quintatøn 4′
Cymbel IV Dulcian 16′ Fagot 16′ Tremulant Hulfløjte 2′
Trompet 16′ Trompet 8′ Trompette harmonique 8′ Flautino 1′
Trompet 8′ Krumhorn 8′ Obo 8′ Swell Upperpositif Septima III
Clairon 4′ Skalmej 4′ Clairon 4′ Tectus 8′ Mixtur IV-VI
Tremulant Svelle Rørfløjte 4′ Contrabombarde 32′
Principal 2′ Bombarde 16′
Spidsquint 1 1/3′ Basun 16′
Cymbel II Fagot 16′
Basun 8′
Serpent 8′
Trompet 4′
Regal 2′
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