Johann Ignaz Egedacher | Domes St. Stephan . Passau [Germany]

web crop JIEge Pas Alphons Adolph 1890_pub domain

Photography by Alphons Adolph (1890)
icon_01-40 icon_01-39
icon_01-34 icon_01-37
icon_01-32 icon_01-42
icon_01-27 icon_01-28
icon_01-01 icon_01-23

 

The Passau organ was built by Johann Ignaz Egedacher in 1731, substituting an earlier instrument from Leopold Freundt, considered in a bad condition. The instrument was planned to complement two swallow nest organs also built by Egedacher, on the crossing pillars (in the intersection of the nave and transept) some decades before. The new planned gallery organ was expected to have about 40 registers distributed across three manuals; in the end it cost 7936 florins and counted with 45 registers, with no Rückpositiv (contrarily to the project) but with five additional registers. The organ case, which we still can admire today, was designed by Josef Matthias Götz. In 1733 Egedacher expands the organ to 49 registers.

In the 19th century, in 1824, major repairs are carried on the main organ by Georg Adam Ehrlich and from 1857 to 1858 the swallow nest organs are moved from the crossing to the two side galleries, probably also by Ehrlich.

In 1886 the entire organ interior is substituted by Martin Hechenberger, building a new organ with 73 registers inside the existing case. This organ was further extended to 75 registers some time later also by Hechenberger.

From 1924 to 1928 a new organ is built by G.F. Steinmeyer in the 18th century original case, with the addition of the central high section we can see today (the former case without the addition can be seen in the cover photo from this article and in the gallery).

An extensive restoration is undertaken from 1977 to 1981, with 55 registers being repaired and slightly modified by Louis Eisenbarth. In 1993 a renovation is done in the Fernorgel, giving it a new case.

Currently the complete pipework of the 5 individual organs (the gallery organ, the two side organs and two additional instruments in the cathedral) can be played from a single console, although each instrument also has its own console.

 

1715 – swallow nest organs construction in the crossing pillars by Johann Ignaz Egedacher
1731 – main organ construction by Johann Ignatz Egedacher
1733 – organ expansion by Johann Ignatz Egedacher
1824 – organ repair by Georg Adam Ehrlich
1857-1858 – swallow nest organs moved to the two side galleries
1886 – organ rebuilding by Martin Hechenberger
1924-1928 – organ rebuilding by G.F. Steinmeyer
1977-1981 – organ repair and changes by Louis Eisenbarth
1993 – Fernorgel repair

 

Hauptwerk Positiv Schwell-Bombardewerk Brustwerk Pedal
Grand Bourdon 32’ Rohrflöte 16’ Stillgedackt 16’ Holzprincipal 8’ Contraprincipalbass 32’
Großpraestant 16’ Praestant 8’ Gamba 16’ Lieblich Gedackt 8’ Untersatz 32’
Gedacktpommer 16’ Bordun 8’ Principal 8’ Quintade 8’ Principalbass 16’
Principal major 8’ Flauto amabile 8’ Nachthorngedackt 8’ Praestant 4’ Majorbass 16’
Principal minor 8’ Gambe conique 8’ Flûte harmonique 8’ Rohrflöte 4’ Subbass 16’
Flûte traversière 8’ Unda maris 8’ Tibia clausa 8’ Principal 2’ Gemshorn 16’
Gedackt 8’ Principal 4’ Jubalflöte 8’ Holzblockflöte 2’ Violon 16’
Viola da Gamba 8’ Koppelflöte 4’ Salicional 8’ Superquinte 1 1/3’ Quintbass 10 2/3’
Octave 4’ Gemshorn 4’ Vox caelestis II Hohlpfeife 1’ Octavbass 8’
Spitzflöte 4’ Nasard 2 2/3’ Octave 4’ Sesquialtera II Flûte 8’
Fugara 4’ Octave 2’ Traversflöte 4’ Scharff IV Gedackt 8’
Terz 3 1/5’ Waldflöte 2’ Quintade 4’ Terzcymbel III Viola alta 8’
Quinte 2 2/3’ Terzflöte 1 3/5’ Viola d’amour 4’ Dulcian 16’ Terzbass 6 2/5’
Kleinoctave 2’ Kleinquinte 1 1/3’ Spitzquinte 2 2/3’ Cromorne 8’ Nasard
Nachthorn 2’ Octävlein 1’ Doublette 2’ Bärpfeife 8’ Septime 4 4/7’
Superoctave 1’ Nonenflöte 8/9’ Schweizerpfeife 2’ Geigend Regal 4’ Trichterflöte 4’
Cornet V Cornettino IV Salicet 2’ Pommer 4’
Mixtura major VII-VIII Mixtur V Gemsterz 1 3/5’ Bauernpfeife 2’
Mixtura minor V Acuta IV Larigot 1 1/3’ Blockflöte 1’
Cymbel V Fagott 16’ Septime 1 1/7’ Principal-Piffaro II
Chamade 16’ Corno di caccia 8’ Sifflet 1’ Rauschpfeife V
Trompete 16’ Vox humana 8’ Großmixtur V-VII Obertöne IV
Chamade 8’ Rohrschalmei 4’ Tintinabulum II Mixtur V
Trompete 8’ Quintcymbel IV Contrabombarde 32’
Chamade 4’ Bombarde 16’ Posaune 16’
Trompete 4’ Trompette harmonique 8’ Bombarde 16’
Chamade 2’ Hautbois 8’ Trompetenbass 8’
Euphon-Clarinette 8’ Feldtrompete 4’
Clairon 4’ Zink 2’
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s