Andries Wolfferts | Grote of Sint-Maartenskerk . Zaltbommel [Netherlands]

web crop AnWol Zal Bourdon16_CC BY-SA 3.0

Photography by “Bourdon16”
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The Zaltbommel organ was built by Andries Wolfferts from 1783 to 1786 and used pipes from an older organ by Matthijs Verhofstadt, built in 1723 with 18 registers. The new organ by Wolfferts had 25 registers, distributed across 3 manuals and pedal, and its case was built by J. Nieuwenhuyzen. Ten years later, in 1796, Anthony Friedrich Gottlieb Heijneman expands the organ to 40 registers and adds some reed registers.

In the 19th century, in 1860, Carl Friedrich August Naber adds a Viola da Gamba register and tunes the organ in equal temperament, without major changes – something contrary to the usual practice during Romantism. However, in 1905 the organ is substantially changed, not only in the case colour but also with several changes intending to provide a good adjustment to the new technological advances.

In 1944 the organ is disassembled by civilians due to the risk of demolition of the tower by Germans, during war, with possible damage for the instrument. After the disassembly, the organ was stored in scattered locations on the city. After the end of the war the organ is reassembled (from 1945 to 1947) by De Koff. During the assembly pipework is cut to raise the tuning by a semitone, leading to a poorer sound.

Later, in 1984, a new restoration is carried by Sebastiaan F. Blank, returning the instrument to the 1796 state keeping, however, some of the romantic material from Naber. Pipes are also returned to the original length and the organ is tuned in a Werckmeister III temperament, being later changed to Neidhardt I.

 

1783-1786 – organ construction by Andries Wolfferts
1796 – organ changes by Anthony Friedrich Gottlieb Heijneman
1860 – organ changes by Carl Friedrich August Naber
1905 – organ changes
1944 – organ disassembly during war
1945-1947 – organ reassembly and changes by De Koff
1984 – organ restoration by Sebastiaan F. Blank

 

Hoofdwerk Rugwerk Bovenwerk Pedaal
Prestant 16′ Bourdon 16′ Prestant 8′ Subbas 16′
Octaaf 8′ Prestant 8′ Holpyp 8′ Octaaf 8′
Bordon 8′ Bourdon 8′ Gemshoorn 8′ Octaaf 4′
Octaaf 4′ Flautraver 8′ Viola di Gamba 8′ Basuyn 16′
Fluyt 4′ Octaaf 4′ Fluyt 4′ Trompet 8′
Quint 3′ Fluyt 4′ Waldfluyt 2′ Clarino 4′
Octaaf 2′ Octaaf 2′ Carillon III
Flageolet 2′ Flageolet 1′ Fagot 8′
Mixtuur III-IV Mixtuur III-IV Vox Humana 8′
Cornet V Cornet IV
Sesquialter II Dulciaan 8′
Trompet 16′
Trompet 8′
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