Johannus Duyschot | Nieuwe Kerk . Middelburg [Netherlands]

web G.J. Dukker 4_Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed_CC BY-SA 3.0 NL crop

Photography by G.J. Dukker
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The organ of the Nieuwe Kerk was originally built in 1693 for the Oude Lutherse Kerk of Amsterdam, by Johannus Duyschot, using some pipes from an older organ from 1658 by Jan Norel. In 1695 Duyschot adds a Quintadeen 16′ and in 1695 adds a Vox Humana 8’. Later, in 1722, the organ stoplist is expanded by Christian Müller.

In 1786 John Strümphler replaces the Tertiaan (added by Müller) by a Gedekt 4′ and repairs the Mixtuur and Scherp registers; Strümphler also renovates some other registers in 1799, namely Quintadeen 16′ and Octaaf 4′ – in Hoofdwerk – and Octaaf 4′ in Pedaal.

In 1884 the organ was substituted by a new three-manual instrument built by Witte and the old instrument by Duyschot was put into sale. As no one wanted to buy it, Rijksmuseum safeguarded it partially; unfortunately only the case, front pipes and keyboards were stored, not the instrumental part.

During World War II the Nieuwe Kerk was damaged and the old organ was lost. In 1954, after restoration works in the Nieuwe Kerk, Rijksmuseum offered the Duyschot organ case and a new instrument was built inside by Willem van Leeuwen. The front pipes were substituted and original paintings and keyboards were removed. Later, in 1996, the case undergone restoration work by Joop van Litsenburg and the old paintings were recovered

In 2004 restoration work was carried by Flentrop under the advice of Albert Clement, proceeding to cleaning, repairs on Rugpositief bellows, substitution of windchest sliders and doing some adjustments in intonation. Bovenwerk’s Trumpet 4’ was changed by a Schalmey 4’ and the Mixture was increased in two ranks. The mechanism of shutters was also repaired.

The original organ case was designed and built by Jan Albertsz Schut, with shutters painted by Philip Tideman or Hendrick Tiedemann and sculptures by Jasper Waageman. The instrument has currently three manuals and pedal.

 

1693 – organ construction
1695 – organ changes by Johannus Duyschot
1699 – organ changes by Johannus Duyschot
1722-1723 – organ changes by Christian Müller
1786 – organ changes by John Strümphler
1799 – organ changes by John Strümphler
1884 – organ removal and transport to Rijksmuseum
1954 – organ transport to the Nieuwe Kerk of Middelburg and reconstruction by Willem van Leeuwen
1996 – organ case restoration
2004 – organ restoration by Flentrop

 

Hoofdwerk Rugwerk Bovenwerk Pedaal
Quintadeen 16′ Holpijp 8′ Baarpijp 8′ Prestant 16′
Prestant 8′ Quintadeen 8′ Spitsgamba 8′ Octaaf 8′
Roerfluit 8′ Prestant 4′ Fluit 4′ Octaaf 4′
Octaaf 4′ Speelfluit 4′ Roerquint 2 2/3′ Ruispijp VI
Nachthoorn 4′ Octaaf 2′ Vlakfluit 2′ Bazuin 16′
Spitsquint 2 2/3′ Gemshoorn 2′ Sifflet 1′ Trompet 8′
Octaaf 2′ Quint 1 1/3′ Tertscimbel III Cornet 4′
Mixtuur V-VIII Scherp III-VI Trompet 8′ Zink 2′
Cimbel IV Sesquialter III Vox Humana 8′
Trompet 16′ Dulciaan 8′ Schalmey 8′
Trompet 8′
Klaroen 4′
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